Backgammon Rules: Board Set Up

Backgammon is a game played by two players on a board using checkers and dice. One of the very first questions new players will ask is how to set up the backgammon board. We'll cover this basic and very important question. Let's go on to board set up.

Looking at your backgammon board you will notice that it is divided into four quadrants. Each quadrant has a designation whether it's in your side or on your opponent's side of the backgammon board. The way you position your board is the easiest part of backgammon board set up.

Position the backgammon board in such a way that the bar at the middle is vertical and is dividing the board into two halves from left to right. Positioning your backgammon board in this manner will have the triangles on the board in front of you pointing toward your opponent and your opponent's pointing to you.

Here's how the backgammon board is divided when you have it set up. You have 12 triangles on your side of the board and so does your opponent. The bar in the middle divides the triangles into groups of six. The group of triangles on your side of the backgammon board to the right of the bar is called your home board.

The other side of the backgammon board on the left of the bar is your outer board. Your opponent's side also goes by the same designation. The right side of your opponent's board and the left side of the backgammon board are called your opponent's home board and outer board respectively.

The triangles on the backgammon board are called points. Checkers or chess pieces move around on squares, in backgammon your checkers move from triangle to triangle (or point to point). The points on the backgammon board are numbered from one to 24. Your side of the backgammon board is numbered from right to left. So the first point from the right is number one (a.k.a. one-point) and the last point on the left is the 12-point.

Your 13-point is on your opponent's side of the board - the first point from the left thus your 24-point is the last checker to the right. Let's set up your checkers on the backgammon board. Your checkers come in two colors. Let's assume you have the white colored backgammon checkers and your opponent has the black ones.

Place two of your checkers (white) on the 24-point and two of your opponent's checkers (black) on the one-point. Place five white checkers on the six-point and the 13-point. Place five black backgammon checkers on the 19-point and the 12-point. Last, you place three white checkers on the eight-point and three black backgammon checkers on the 17-point.

Getting your backgammon board set up is that easy. Play a few games and set up your backgammon board over and over again to get the hang of it.


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